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According to the report "State of the World’s Plants" by scientists from the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew (London), 28,187 plant species on earth are medically relevant.
The number of medicinal plants recorded in pharmacopoeias increased by 59 percent compared to the previous year's report. However, the potential of medicinal plants in combating common and serious diseases would not be used in conventional medicine. Just think of the two plant substances artemisinin and quinine in the fight against the infectious disease malaria.
The report lists around 1,730 new discoveries since the previous year. These include nine types of mucuna used in the treatment of Parkinson's.
Some plant families score with a particularly high proportion of medical potential. so the Fabaceae (legumes) because of the contained alkaloids. Or the labiate flowers (Lamiaceae), which are rich in terpenes. In the mulberry family, the scientists emphasize their hypoglycemic effect.
According to the World Health Organization, 90 percent of the population in Germany have already used herbal medicine. The report can be found here.