A burn-out often comes silent and creeping. In the worst case, ignoring stress and permanent overload and losing the ability to relax can lead to a breakdown. Not every exposure automatically means burnout, but the first warning signals must be taken seriously. "Advice is particularly helpful when you overlook your own limits, abandon favorite hobbies and avoid private contacts or find them stressful," explains Ankathrin Schmidt, psychological consultant and experienced reality creator.
Take the first warning signals seriously
In everyday professional life, it is difficult to avoid stressful situations because your own expectations of yourself are often far too high. Symptoms such as persistent fatigue and listlessness often seem too ordinary and insignificant for those affected to take them seriously. “If an increased use in the job or in the family environment suddenly leads to the neglect of one's own needs, this can have an impact in all areas of life. The feeling of having to do more and more tasks with less and less physical and emotional resources can lead to exhaustion and ultimately to a burnout, ”says Ankathrin Schmidt. Patients often describe this feeling as “burned out”. This does not only affect managers.
Housewives, pensioners and even schoolchildren are often faced with the pressure to perform and the variety of tasks in today's society and overwhelmed. In addition, personal inclinations such as perfectionism or excessive ambition favor a total state of exhaustion. Condemned by many as an alleged fashion disease, the syndrome manifests itself in various effects that also occur with other mental disorders, such as depression. As a result, there are no binding diagnostic criteria. "If there is a physical and mental health impairment and behavioral and anxiety disorders persist for a long time or repeat itself systematically, those affected should seek psychological counseling," stresses Ankathrin Schmidt.
Prevention and treatment methods
There is no standard therapy for burn-out syndrome, since the treatment must always be tailored to the individual and their life situation. “In the early stages, it is worth checking your own motivation reasons or expectations in order to develop strategies against stressful or overwhelming situations. Small changes in everyday life, such as frequent breaks, often help to reduce pent-up tension, ”emphasizes the psychological counselor. In particular, regular bedtime as well as a balanced diet and sufficient exercise help to improve well-being. In addition, those affected should plan enough free space in the diary to meet friends or to distract themselves with walks in the countryside.
Another optimal measure against, but also for the prevention of burn-out is a holistic therapy approach, such as the so-called SoulWellFit method. With the help of special therapeutic approaches such as systemic constellation work, information medicine, yoga or hypnosis, this concept permanently solves problems and at the same time strengthens body and soul. "Because as soon as the person switches off the consciousness, the subconscious becomes receptive to instructions, so that positive impulses can be set more easily," stresses Ankathrin Schmidt and concludes: "By looking at people in their individual life concept, there is a holistic approach in everyone Case crucial. Not only to alleviate fears and causes in the long term, but also to develop strategies for change and to prepare for future conflict and stress situations. So life becomes worth living again over time. ”
First stages of a burn-out syndrome
Level 1: Increased expectations of yourself and overlooking your own limits
Level 2: neglect of own needs as well as occasional sleep disorders
Level 3: Giving up hobbies and avoiding private contacts
Level 4: withdrawal and inner emptiness; Substitute satisfaction through food, alcohol, or drugs
Level 5: Total exhaustion, depression and panic attacks
Not every one of these 5 levels has to be clearly shown. Individual levels can also merge or overlap. These levels are not medical diagnoses. They can only be an indication that there is an overload or exhaustion. Only an experienced specialist can determine a clear diagnosis.