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Population in Germany ages very differently
The population in Germany is getting older. The average age has increased by over three years within 15 years. The regional differences are sometimes very large. The youngest population lives in two university cities in the southwest of the republic.
Life expectancy increases
Humans are getting older. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported last year that life expectancy was increasing worldwide. That of the Germans had even reached a new record level. An evaluation by the Federal Institute for Building, Urban and Spatial Research (BBSR) now shows that although the population in this country is getting older, the regional differences are very large.
Freiburg and Heidelberg have the youngest population
According to a statement by the institute, the average age of German citizens rose by 3.3 years from the turn of the millennium to 2015 - from 40.6 to 43.9 years.
Accordingly, the youngest population have Freiburg im Breisgau and Heidelberg.
While the average age in the two university towns in the south-west of the Republic is 39.8 and 39.9 years, it is about ten years higher in some eastern German districts and independent towns, for example in Suhl (49.1), in Altenburger Land (49 , 4) and in Dessau (49.5).
There, the proportion of over 64-year-olds is just under 30 percent. In Freiburg and Heidelberg, on the other hand, only around 16 percent are older than 64 years.
Structurally weak areas age faster
As the Communication explains, many structurally weak areas age faster because they have lost young people. The gap between growing cities and universities and areas beyond the metropolitan areas has widened in recent years.
The aging of the population is particularly noticeable in structurally weak areas away from the metropolitan areas.
Between 2000 and 2015 alone, counties like Suhl (minus 22 percent), Oberspreewald-Lausitz (minus 21.7 percent) and Spree-Neisse (minus 19.9 percent) lost every fifth inhabitant.
Low average age in the area of economically strong metropolises
But far from all rural areas are aging. In general, the average age is particularly low in parts of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg and in northwest Germany.
According to the BBSR evaluation, some counties in the west - such as Vechta (40.0) or Cloppenburg (40.1) - have a comparatively young population. One reason for this is high birth rates.
In addition to university cities such as Tübingen, Erlangen, Regensburg or Eichstätt, some of the surrounding areas of the economically strong metropolises also have a low average age, for example Freising (40.6) and Erding (41.4) near Munich.
Many families are drawn here from the core cities to the surrounding area.
At some point a limit will be reached
But not only in Germany are people living longer and longer. The global population is getting older all the time. An analysis of various studies recently concluded that the average life expectancy in western countries could soon exceed 90 years.
At some point, however, a limit will be reached. According to US scientists, the maximum life expectancy is limited to 115 years.
Other researchers, on the other hand, believe that it can even be increased tenfold. However, a large number of the experts doubt that people can live that long. (ad)