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Bone breakdown: Why vitamin D is particularly important for diabetics
Diabetics have an increased risk of osteoporosis and thus of broken bones. To prevent vitamin D deficiency, you should soak up a lot of sun. If necessary, taking supplements is also recommended.
Use of dietary supplements is controversial
In recent years, more and more nutritional supplements have come onto the market to protect against diseases. Their benefits are often controversial among health experts, especially since the ingredients could usually be absorbed through a balanced diet. There are also contradicting statements about the positive effects of taking vitamin D supplements. While some consider such supplements useful for all adults, others believe that these pills usually do not prevent illness. However, they can be very important for people with diabetes.
Diabetics should have vitamin D levels checked
"People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes have an increased risk of osteoporosis and therefore also for broken bones," writes the German Diabetes Association (DDG). Vitamin D deficiency can be the cause of osteoporosis.
The German Society for Internal Medicine (DGIM) now points out that diabetics should have their vitamin D levels checked.
The vitamin not only counteracts the breakdown of bones, which progress faster in diabetics than in healthy people, but can also influence the production of insulin and thus have a direct effect on blood sugar levels, as Prof. Klaus Badenhoop from the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt explained in a message from the news agency dpa.
Intake vitamin D through food
Among other things, vitamin D is absorbed through food. High-fat fish from the sea is a good supplier.
Alternative sources of vitamin D for vegetarians and vegans include avocados and mushrooms.
The vitamin is also formed by the skin under the influence of UV radiation. According to the doctors of the DGIM, a serum level between 30 and 50 ng / ml is considered optimal today.
However, people in Germany are mostly exposed to too little sun, especially in the winter months. It is difficult to achieve the optimal serum level.
To reduce the risk of osteoporosis, it can help to go outside for at least half an hour a day - even if it is cloudy.
If the vitamin D level of diabetics is still too low, they should take additional vitamin D in the form of capsules in consultation with their doctor, the DGIM recommends. (ad)