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Sitting eleven hours a day
Fewer and fewer people work in Germany using their physical strength. We spend most of our time sitting. However, for diseases that are too serious. According to a current study by the private health insurance DKV, Germans are moving less and less.
Screens and desks determine the daily work routine of many people. 46 percent of working people said that one of them mainly works at the desk. This particularly affects people with higher educational qualifications and higher incomes. "The head is active, but from a body point of view you have to say: Almost half of the working people are mainly paid to sit around," says Clemens Muth, CEO of DKV. People with desk jobs sit an average of 73 percent of their working hours. "We work sitting on the computer, make phone calls while sitting, and a meeting is a 'session'. We can and should change these routines, ”said Muth.
When viewed all day, the typical desk worker, including free time, sits for about eleven hours. Permanent sitting has far-reaching consequences for the metabolism of fat and blood sugar and can make many people sick in the long run. The working people also imagine their everyday work differently. “The desk workers prefer to sit less. That is a clear finding of the DKV Report, ”says Ingo Froböse, professor at the German Sport University and scientific director of the DKV Report. On average, desk workers only want to sit about half of their working hours instead of almost three quarters. Then why don't they get up? "For many, sitting is just part of everyday work, it's routine and you hardly worry about it," explains Froböse. This can also be seen in the numbers: 73 percent sit down without thinking about it.
Getting up starts in the head
"Everyone can do something for their health by sitting less at work," explains Froböse. And: "Getting up starts in the head." The simplest thing is: getting up several times an hour, for example to make a phone call or to work in an elevated position while standing.
"But standing still for a long time is not a solution either," says Froböse. For one thing, desk workers only want to spend about 17 percent of their working time. On the other hand, long static standing at a time is not necessarily beneficial to health and can lead to problems in the musculoskeletal system, for example. Desk workers would prefer to have more movement during work. Frog's suggestion is: “Meetings of smaller work groups can take place while walking. Whether it's called a walk and talk meeting or a walk is a matter of corporate culture. In addition, a new office organization can help you move more and get up more often. ”
Movement is on the retreat
The DKV Report not only examines sitting, but also other aspects of lifestyle such as physical activity, nutrition, alcohol consumption, smoking and the subjective feeling of stress. The proportion of people who “live a healthy life” and score in all of these five areas therefore remains stable at a low level at 11 percent. The people in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania once again reach the highest value of 19 percent “people who live completely healthy”.
The health behavior of Germans has changed in the past two years, especially in the area of physical activity: compared to the past three DKV reports 2010, 2012 and 2014, people move significantly less. This year, only 45 percent of people achieve the World Health Organization (WHO) minimum activity recommendation of 150 minutes of exercise a week. In the 2014 survey it was 54 percent. Above all, activity decreases during work. "We have an increasing social problem with the movement," warns DKV boss Clemens Muth. “People with a lower level of education move mainly at work and only a little in their free time.
In the digital world, however, there will be less and less physical work. ”In addition, exercise during leisure time is considered to be particularly beneficial to health. However, almost one in two people with a secondary school certificate states that they are not physically active at all in their free time. “We also see this strong social gap in obesity. Obesity is one of the strongest risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Education and popular sports can help compensate for this gap, ”says Muth. (sb, pm)