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In Germany, there is an increasing amount of packaging waste for food. One reason for this is that more and more fresh fruit and vegetables are being sold pre-packaged: now it is 63 percent. This is the result of a study by the Society for Packaging Market Research on behalf of the German Nature Conservation Association (NABU).
With prepacked goods, customers do not have the opportunity to actively save packaging. In this case you can neither use a service bag, or even better do without disposable packaging and bring your own bag. The latter would of course be the very best option and would certainly meet the wishes of many consumers. But not those of logisticians in discounters and supermarkets.
Between 2000 and 2014, the plastic requirement for prepackaging increased by 78 percent for fruit and even 164 percent for vegetables. Incidentally, tomatoes are the most delicate: with 32 percent, they have the largest share of packaging, although their share in household consumption is only around 15 percent. They are therefore very packaging-intensive because the pack sizes are rather small and material-intensive.
With pre-packaged goods, much more effort is required than with the so-called plastic knot bags or paper bags (service packaging). This shows the average packaging consumption per kilogram. An example: For 500 grams of grapes, an average of almost eight times as much plastic is needed for a bowl with a lid as for a plastic knot bag. NABU therefore demands a larger range of loose goods. This could save a significant proportion of packaging waste.
Incidentally, this is very annoying for customers who want to buy organic vegetables and fruit in the supermarket. This is usually not possible without packaging, although many consumers have been complaining about it for a long time. Logistically, it is not logistically manageable to manage. If you still want to save packaging waste, you can of course do this: at greengrocers, many organic shops and direct marketers on site. Britta Klein, aid