Skin care in summer: This is what diabetics should pay attention to when it is hot
The persistent heat of the past few weeks has troubled many people. Although it has become a little cooler at the moment, the temperatures will rise again in the next few days. Above all, this can affect people with diabetes. Experts explain what those affected should pay attention to.
Consequences of diabetes
Around seven million people with diabetes live in Germany. The disease can lead to numerous secondary diseases. Diabetes often causes diseases of the cardiovascular system over time. The nervous system is also affected. Many diabetics also develop diabetic neuropathy. Eye disorders and kidney damage are also typical complications of the so-called diabetes. And last but not least, the skin of many patients is also affected.
The majority of diabetics suffer from pathological skin changes
According to a message from "diabetesDE - Deutsche Diabetes-Hilfe", up to 80 percent of all people with diabetes suffer from pathological skin changes.
The skin is dry, red, wrinkled, itchy or blistered because the sebum and sweat glands produce less fat and moisture.
The experts advise that diabetics should protect and care for their skin particularly carefully in the hot summer months in order to compensate for fat and moisture loss.
Skin glands produce less fat and moisture
"Skin ailments and changes are often the first signs that we recognize type 2 diabetes," explains Dr. med. Stefanie Kamann, specialist in dermatology, allergology and naturopathy.
The reason for pathological skin changes is too high blood sugar levels. In the event of insulin deficiency or insulin resistance, the body increasingly excretes fluid through the urine.
In addition, the sebum and sweat glands of the skin produce less fat and moisture due to nerve damage.
“As a result, the skin dries out a lot, becomes cracked and loses its protective function. Pathogens can penetrate and multiply more easily, ”explains the expert.
To prevent skin ailments, it is therefore important to adjust the metabolism well.
"In any case, diabetes patients should be shown and treated for abnormalities by their diabetologist or dermatologist, even if they do not yet feel any pain or other complaints," said Kamann.
Drink a lot and proper skin care
In addition, people with diabetes should take special care of their sensitive skin and protect it from dehydration.
In order to prevent dry skin and skin problems in summer, the expert recommends drinking at least two liters of water a day.
"If diabetes is poorly adjusted, adequate fluid intake is particularly important because the body not only loses water through sweating, but also excretes fluid through the kidneys," explains Kamann.
"At the current high temperatures, the already dry skin of diabetes patients requires a lot of attention," adds the doctor.
Sufficient sun protection cream should always be used when sunbathing. To cool off, lukewarm, short showers are recommended.
After washing, the skin should be applied with a moisturizing care product.
Dr. explains how people with diabetes protect their skin and which care products are the right ones. Stefanie Kamann on Thursday, August 16, 2018 from 5 p.m. to 7 p.m. in the expert chat of diabetesDE - Deutsche Diabetes-Hilfe. (ad)