Hundreds of people with black skin cancer in clinics - including young patients
In the past weeks there has been extreme sun in most regions of Germany and Europe. The associated strong UV exposure is considered a cause of the so-called malignant melanoma ("black skin cancer"). Among the patients who have to be treated in clinics because of the disease are very young people.
Sunburn increases the risk of skin cancer
Health experts repeatedly point out not to underestimate the sun's rays, since ultraviolet radiation is clearly carcinogenic. To avoid skin cancer, you should not spend too much time in the sun, especially at a young age, and make sure that your skin is protected outdoors. Because every sunburn is added to your own skin account, dermatologists warn.
Also get sick under 30 years old
Skin cancer is one of the most common cancers in Germany. Up to 200,000 people develop it every year, with over 20,000 diagnoses relating to dangerous "black skin cancer" (malignant melanoma).
New figures from the State Statistical Office of Saxony-Anhalt now show that many young people also fall ill.
According to a communication from the Office, "612 patients were treated in Saxony-Anhalt's hospitals for malignant melanoma (" black skin cancer ")".
According to the information, about half (298) of all patients had reached the age of 70. But: "At the time of treatment, 17 women and men were younger than 30 years old."
According to health experts, black skin cancer is particularly treacherous because it can spread from just a millimeter thick tumor. Among other things, the lymph nodes, lungs and brain could also be affected.
As explained in the communication, strong UV exposure with frequent sunburns, especially in childhood, is considered to be the cause of the melanoma.
Protect from sunburn
Therefore, it is important to avoid any sunburn. The safest protection is: avoid strong sun! If the sun shines permanently, shady spots offer relaxation for skin.
Experts should seek shelter indoors when there is intense sunshine - especially at noon when the sun's effects are at their highest.
Outdoor activities should be planned accordingly. The UV index provides guidance here.
Protective clothing and sunscreen can also help. The basic rule is not to save money when applying cream. Cream should be applied at least every two hours.
Reapply sunscreen after swimming, even if it's a waterproof product. This also applies to sweating and drying out.
Sun creams with a high to very high sun protection factor that are photo-stable and filter UV-B and UV-A are suitable.
If you are traveling by car, you should also consider sun protection. You are well protected from UV-B radiation in a car and therefore do not get sunburn. The side windows allow UV-A radiation to pass through. (ad)