How can men recognize prostate cancer?
In Germany, prostate cancer is by far the most common cancer among men. Around 63,400 new cases are diagnosed each year. The disease is easy to treat in the early stages, but it is not so easy to identify the symptoms. There are some signs of prostate cancer that men should know and pay attention to.
Prostate cancer is a disease that only develops slowly. If cancer of the prostate is diagnosed at an early stage, there is a good chance that treatment will bring about a cure. However, the disease is difficult to recognize in the early stage because there are hardly any signs of the disease. The symptoms often only become apparent when the prostate is large enough to affect the urethra, which passes urine from the bladder to the penis, the researchers explain.
Pay attention to the color of your urine
One of the signs of the disease that men should watch out for can be found in your urine, according to the experts. When men have blood in their urine, this is one of the indicators of possible prostate cancer, doctors say. However, there are other important symptoms that men should watch out for. These symptoms are mostly related to the way men urinate.
Urination problems can indicate prostate cancer
If you find that you need to empty your bladder more often than normal during the day and find it difficult to urinate, this could also be a sign of prostate cancer. A sudden strong urge to empty your bladder can also occur in prostate cancer. Some fluid may also leak after urinating. The final indicator of prostate cancer is the difficulty in getting an erection. Although this is quite unusual.
Men can consider an enlarged prostate to be prostate cancer
Many men can confuse an enlarged prostate with one of the symptoms of cancer of the prostate. But how can you tell the difference and are you more likely to get prostate cancer from an enlarged prostate?
What is the prostate?
The prostate is a small gland located in the pelvis between the penis and bladder. It should have the shape and size of a walnut. The prostate is involved in passing urine out of the body, but also releases a liquid that nourishes and protects human sperm, say the doctors.
What are the symptoms of an enlarged prostate?
The medical term for an enlarged prostate is benign prostate enlargement. When the prostate is enlarged, it can put pressure on the bladder and urethra, which is noticeable when you urinate. According to the NHS, this can cause difficulty in using the toilet, frequent urination, and difficulty in completely emptying your bladder.
Do men with enlarged prostate develop prostate cancer more often?
An enlarged prostate does not increase the risk of getting prostate cancer, say Prostate Cancer UK experts. The two symptoms usually start in different parts of the prostate. But men can have enlarged prostate and prostate cancer at the same time, the organization says on the subject. If you are concerned about possible prostate cancer, you should speak to your family doctor immediately, the doctors advise.
How is prostate cancer treated?
The need for treatment for an enlarged prostate depends on the severity of the symptoms. If these are mild, you can make lifestyle changes, such as drinking less alcohol and exercising regularly, the experts advise. For many men with prostate cancer, treatment is also not necessary, but only active monitoring. If prostate cancer advances and the individual circumstances of those affected deteriorate significantly, specialist medical help should be sought to determine which treatments are possible and promising, the experts advise. (as)