Tonsillectomy and adenotomy increase infection and allergy tendencies
Australian scientists found that children who had tonsils and / or throat tonsils removed before age 10 were at higher risk of developing infections or allergies later in life.
Tonsillectomy and adenotomy are among the most common surgical interventions in early childhood. So far, the long-term effects of the operations have been little studied. A team of researchers from the University of Melbourne only evaluated data from Danish children born between 1979 and 1999, who underwent an adenotomy (17,460 children), tonsillectomy (11,830 children) or an adenotonsillectomy (31,377) before their 10th birthday.
They examined whether these were treated more or less frequently due to 28 different diseases in the period up to the end of 2009 than 1.65 million children without the interventions.
The result shows that the removal of the tonsils before the age of 10 seems to have an impact on many later diseases at a later age. This was most evident in diseases of the upper respiratory tract. The children became ill almost twice after an adenotomy, and almost three times as often after a tonsillectomy. But they also suffered more often from allergic diseases or infections in general.
On the other hand, the removal of tonsils and tonsils could protect against later illnesses. This was detectable for chronic tonsillitis. After the adenotomy, sleep disorders also occurred less frequently, even if the influence was relatively minor. The study authors advise waiting for the results of further studies. The study can be read here. (sb, pm)