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Off on vacation - but without harmful sunburn


Start of the holiday: How to stay on holiday without sunburn

Finally the time has come: The summer holidays are just around the corner in several federal states. During school time, not only children and teenagers spend a lot of time outdoors, but also adults. For everyone: So that the fun is not marred by sunburn, care should be taken to ensure adequate sun protection.

Experts advise you to be careful with the sun

Whether on the beach, in the mountains or in the outdoor pool - the start of the summer vacation in several federal states invites you to spend a lot of time outdoors. However, you should exercise caution and not underestimate the sun's rays, there is a risk of sunburn. This increases the risk of developing cancer. Every sunburn is added to your own skin account, dermatologists warn. The Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) also advises careful handling of the sun.

UV radiation promotes the formation of vitamin D.

As the BfS writes in a current communication, the UV radiation contained in the sun's rays promotes the formation of vitamin D in the body, but it can also become a hazard.

In addition to sunburn, conjunctivitis or corneal inflammation, there is a growing risk of developing skin cancer in the long term, as well as premature aging of the skin and the development of cataracts.

"Those who enjoy the sun on vacation and holiday should avoid sunburn," warns BfS President Inge Paulini. "In view of the increasing number of skin cancers, we strongly recommend adequate sun protection.

More and more skin cancers

According to the information, skin cancer in the light-skinned population worldwide continues to grow faster than all other cancers.

In Germany, every seventh man and every ninth woman up to the age of 75 suffer from skin cancer (light skin cancers and black skin cancer) - and the trend is rising: in Germany alone, the rate of new cases doubles every ten to 15 years.

For "black skin cancer" (malignant melanoma), the growth rate increases even more than for all other types of cancer. More and more young people, especially women, are falling ill.

Black skin cancer kills over 2,500 people in Germany alone every year.

Avoid strong sun better

The safest protection against sunburn is: Avoid strong sun! If the sun shines permanently, shady spots offer relaxation for the skin and eyes.

Protection should be sought indoors when there is intense sunlight - especially at noon when the sun's effects are at their greatest.

Outdoor activities should be planned accordingly. The globally uniform UV index provides guidance here.

UV protection, i.e. protective clothing, sunglasses and sunscreen, should always be part of your luggage. Clothing offers the best protection - even when swimming.

The head and neck should be protected with a wide-brimmed sun hat, the eyes with sunglasses. This should bear the manufacturer's notice "UV 400" and fit snugly on the face.

Don't save with the sunscreen

Sunscreen also protects for a while. The basic rule is not to save money when applying cream. Cream should be applied at least every two hours.

Reapply sunscreen after swimming, even if it's a waterproof product. This also applies to sweating and drying out.

Sun creams with a high to very high sun protection factor that are photo-stable and filter UV-B and UV-A are suitable. On beach holidays, a beach shell or an umbrella also serve well.

If you are going on vacation by car, you should think about sun protection while on the go. You are well protected from UV-B radiation in the car and therefore do not get sunburn. The side windows allow UV-A radiation to pass through.

That is why UV protection is required in the car for longer car journeys on sunny days. The same applies to travel by plane. (ad)

Author and source information

Video: What Really Causes Sunburns? (August 2020).