Behavioral therapies and co - what can help those with tinnitus
Almost everyone has experienced ear noises. Most of them disappear after a few seconds or minutes. However, if the sounds are persistent or are perceived repeatedly over a longer period of time, one speaks of tinnitus. There are different treatment approaches. Experts explain what can help those affected.
Millions of Germans have chronic tinnitus
According to the German Tinnitus League, tinnitus occurs in ten million adults every year. Other health experts believe that roughly every fourth person in life is affected by the excruciating ringing in the ears and the ringing in the ears. The complaints are usually only temporary. But millions of German citizens suffer from chronic tinnitus. Among other things, cognitive behavior therapy can help these patients.
Ear noises can have different causes
Tinnitus causes can be very different. Stress is one of the main causes of ear noises.
But other factors, such as psychological problems or certain physical illnesses, can also trigger the unpleasant ringing, whizzing or noise in the ears.
“In 80 percent of cases, acute tinnitus is resolved either by treating the causes or by itself. So the ear noise can subside completely, but it can remain, ”writes the German Tinnitus League on its website.
Then one speaks of chronic tinnitus.
Facilitate dealing with the disease
"According to the German. Tinnitus league in Germany, about 3 million adults have chronic tinnitus, i.e. tinnitus that lasts longer than 3 months. About 270,000 new cases are added every year, ”says the portal“ ENT doctors on the web ”of the German Professional Association of Otorhinolaryngologists.
According to the experts, chronic tinnitus is “not curable with medication, but nowadays there are various treatment methods that make it easier to deal with the disease and give the patient more quality of life.”
Cognitive behavioral therapy is one of the possible tinnitus therapies.
Cognitive behavioral therapy can help sufferers
This therapy enables patients to learn to cope better with the constant whistling and ringing in their ears.
With this treatment, those affected practice gradually paying less attention to the ear noise until it ideally takes a back seat and is then perceived as less scary.
Holistic therapy concept
"So-called intoxication devices (e.g. tinnitus maskers or noisers) that are worn like hearing aids on the ear help to drown out or distract from the distracting ear noise with a comprehensive frequency", write the "ENT doctors on the Internet".
And also "the comprehensive tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT) helps many sufferers to live better with the constant ringing in the ears."
The aim of this holistic therapy concept is "that the patient no longer perceives his tinnitus, or at least no longer perceives it as disturbing."
In addition to other treatment elements, the therapy also includes cognitive behavior therapy.
Some medications can also help to improve the patient's situation. The intake of such preparations should definitely be discussed with a doctor.
Hope also makes a message from the United States. Researchers at the University of Michigan recently reported a new approach that would allow patients to use a new device to influence their noise.
The dual stimulus against tinnitus was also tested on 20 people with tinnitus after the first animal experiments.
The subjects reported that after four weeks of daily use of the device, the volume of their background noise decreased and their quality of life improved.
When to go to the doctor
Nowadays, whistling noises in the ear are no longer treated as an emergency. But the earlier the tinnitus is treated, the greater the chances of recovery or relief, according to experts.
But when should you seek medical treatment?
"If ear noises suddenly appear with a high intensity or the distances become shorter and shorter, the ENT specialist should be consulted within 24 hours," explained Dr. Michael Bohndorf, ENT specialist in Düsseldorf, talks about important questions about tinnitus.
"If there is a hearing impairment, the ENT specialist should be consulted immediately," said the expert. (ad)