New study on autism spectrum disorder (ASS) and attention deficit / hyperactivity syndrome presented
For some time now, physicians have suspected that children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASS) and Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) also suffer from mood swings and anxiety disorders. A recent study confirms this assumption.
Children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk of also diagnosing and treating anxiety and mood disorders. A study now released by the Interactive Autism Network (IAN) is one of the largest that compared comorbidities from patients with ASA alone to those from patients with ASA and ADHD.
Risk more than twice as high
Children with ASA and ADHD are 2.2 times more likely to have an anxiety disorder and 2.7 times more likely to have other mood disorders than unaffected peers. The researchers also found that these diseases were more common in older children.
According to research director Eliza Gordon-Lipkin, it was known that anxiety and mood disorders are very common in ASA patients. "However, this study goes a step further and provides insight into the differences in children who only have ASA and those who have ASA and ADHD."
For the study, researchers from the Kennedy Krieger Institute examined the data of a network-based cross-sectional survey of children between the ages of six and 17 with ASA who were participants in the autism network between 2006 and 2013. Of the 3,319 children, 1,503 (45.3%) suffered from ADHD. The survey data was analyzed for parents' diagnosis and treatment for ADHD, anxiety disorder, and mood disorders.
Causes still unclear
What exactly leads to the fact that children with ASD also suffer from other mental disorders in the human brain has not yet been really researched, the expert admits. However, the researchers hoped that the research published in Pediatrics would encourage other scientists to pursue this question further.
According to current statistics, one in 68 children in the United States is affected by ASA. ADHD occurs in one in ten children.