Multi-resistant gonorrhea infection discovered
Earlier this year, a British man was first diagnosed with gonorrhea infection with a so-called super-pathogen. The pathogen called Neisseria gonorrhoeae does not appear to respond to regular antibiotic treatment.
- British infected with gonorrhea in Asia.
- Disease does not respond to common forms of treatment.
- This case of gonorrhea appears to be resistant to all antibiotics.
- The patient's partner was not infected.
- General practitioners need to be more effective in diagnosing gonorrhea.
- People should always protect themselves from sexual contact with strangers.
The scientists from Public Health England reported in a recent report about a British man who had contracted the sexual infectious disease gonorrhea on vacation and was infected with a pathogen that cannot be treated with antibiotics.
Brit infected with gonorrhea in Southeast Asia
During his trip through Southeast Asia, the Brit infected with the pathogen Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The man had sexual contact with a woman in Asia, in whom he contracted the so-called gonorrhea. The first symptoms appeared a month later. Sexual diseases, such as gonorrhea, are unfortunately very widespread, warn the doctors.
Worst case of gonorrhea so far?
The condition was diagnosed by doctors in the UK and the experts were initially unconcerned because gonorrhea is usually easy to treat with antibiotics. Gonorrhea is treated with a combination of antibiotics (azithromycin and ceftriaxone), but treatment in this case has not been successful, reports Public Health England. The experts concluded that this was a particularly resistant case of gonorrhea. According to the researchers, this is the first time gonorrhea that cannot be treated with antibiotics.
The partner did not seem to be infected
Of course, the finding of the disease in Great Britain had the consequence that people became afraid of the spread of the pathogen - also because the infected man had a steady partner in his home. According to previously known information, the woman is not infected. Nevertheless, there are still ongoing investigations, which deal more closely with possible transmissions.
No other treatment options?
The sick man is currently being treated with one last form of antibiotic. If this drug does not work, there is no other way to treat it, the doctors explain. This would mean that the patient could not be helped and at worst could face life-threatening complications such as inflammation of the meninges or the heart. According to the researchers, there are apparently cases in gonorrhea diseases that cannot be treated with conventional antibiotics and the causative multiresistant bacterial strains could pose a great danger to humanity.
Gonorrhea can lead to infertility
The risk is particularly great because gonorrhea is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. This disease is transmitted from person to person during sexual contact. The pathogens of the disease - so-called gonococci (Neisseria gonorrhoeae) - then affect the mucous membranes of the urinary tract and the genital organs. It is particularly bad with such a disease that many people are not aware of their illness. This is because complaints that arise in the sick are not always noticed. For example, those affected pass the disease on to their sexual partners unnoticed. If the disease is not diagnosed and treated, it can lead to infertility, inflammation of the abdomen and other complications.
Some doctors have trouble diagnosing gonorrhea
Another problem with gonorrhea is that some general practitioners do not clearly recognize the disease. So it can happen that the disease is not treated - despite visiting a doctor. Medical experts need to be made more aware of an improved diagnosis of the disease, the experts say. This is the only way to initiate appropriate examinations and treatments for the disease. The key is to recognize this disease early on to prevent it from spreading further.
People should protect themselves better
To avoid the uncomfortable disease, people should protect themselves from sexual contact. After an unprotected contact, those affected should be examined and sexual contact should be avoided until this examination, the doctors advise. The infected man in the UK is currently being treated with various medications, and it will be clear next month whether this treatment has been successful. In the meantime, a team of experts has been set up to coordinate the investigation and limit the potential spread of the disease.
What should gonorrhea do?
This is the first time that a case of such high resistance to the two common drugs and most other common antibiotics has been demonstrated, the scientists explain. Health services in the UK recommend that, as a precaution, general practitioners should report any suspected cases of gonorrhea to national health services so that the cases can be treated appropriately. If people are affected by the condition, they should be carefully monitored. In addition, the partner of the sick person should be notified, the experts demand. (as)