What are fats?
Fats are the basis of the daily diet. The German Nutrition Society (DGE) recommends that 25 to 30 percent of the diet should consist of fats, which corresponds to about 60 to 80 grams of fat per day. However, there are large qualitative differences in fats. In addition to animal and vegetable fats, fats can also be divided into saturated, unsaturated and polyunsaturated. Fats have twice as many calories as carbohydrates and proteins. A long-term intake of high-fat food can lead to overweight (obesity) and related complications such as high blood pressure or heart disease.
Saturated and unsaturated fatty acids
Saturated fatty acids are often found in animal products such as sausage, fatty cheese, egg yolk and streaky meat and can increase the cholesterol level in the blood when consumed and thus contribute to arteriosclerosis (arteriosclerosis). In contrast, vegetable fats are more often rich in unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, which can even reduce so-called bad cholesterol (LDL). These fats are found in many types of nuts, seeds and vegetable oils, for example. (vb)
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