Have a nosebleed medically clarified in old age
If suddenly and unexpectedly a light red trickle flows from the nose, a small blood vessel in the nose has burst. Nosebleeds usually develop without an underlying disease - dry mucous membranes are most often to blame. They become slightly cracked and the blood vessels underneath more vulnerable.
Sometimes an ordinary sniffing or blowing too hard is enough. However, adults who suffer from it more often should have symptoms diagnosed by an ear, nose and throat doctor, the HNOnet NRW, a group of resident ENT doctors, points out.
In acute cases, a cold washcloth on the neck helps. The cold ensures that injured vessels contract again and the bleeding subsides. By keeping the corresponding side of the nose closed, you can also squeeze the source of the bleeding. Patients should keep their heads straight or slightly bent forward to avoid nausea due to blood in the stomach.
"If bleeding starts again and again for no apparent reason, lasts longer than fifteen minutes, or the blood does not flow bright red and quickly, a doctor should be consulted," says Dr. Uso Walter, Duisburg ENT specialist and CEO of the HNOnet NRW. Usually, tamponades inserted into the nose help. Burns or burns with electricity, cold or medication can also stop the bleeding. If nosebleeds occur more often, an ENT specialist should clarify the cause and initiate appropriate therapy.
Because the mucous membranes of children and the elderly dry out particularly quickly, nosebleeds occur here frequently. This makes them more sensitive to dry, cold air or for colds. Just blowing your nose or sneezing can easily damage your blood vessels. This is remedied by nasal ointments or oils from the pharmacy, humidifiers and plenty of drinking.
Allergies, diseases of the nose and sinuses or excessive use of nasal sprays favor nosebleeds. A specialist examination by an ENT doctor is therefore advisable in any case. If nosebleeds occur frequently without a recognizable cause, internal diseases such as high blood pressure or blood clotting disorders can also be considered as a reason. In these cases, an additional clarification with the family doctor or internist is advisable.