Healthy through the carnival: only eat donuts in moderation
Donuts can be bought all year round, but the sweet pastries are particularly popular during the carnival season. However, experts warn against eating too much of it. Because the delicacies contain trans-fatty acids and these increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases when taken in high amounts.
Dangerous trans fatty acids
Mardi Gras, Mardi Gras, Carnival: In the "fifth season", not only is there often a merry, cheery celebration, but there is also plenty to feast on. Donuts are particularly popular with many jecken. But you shouldn't eat too much of it. Because the sweet treats are not only very high in calories, but are also often full of trans fatty acids. When ingested, these fats increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Health risk from carnival donuts
Donuts are high in calories and fat. Depending on the size, filling and sugar sprinkling, a donut contains around 200 calories and almost ten grams of fat.
The sweet pastries, like donuts and other confectionery products, are fried. This can result in the formation of trans fatty acids, the consumption of which has a negative impact on health.
A high intake of trans fatty acids increases LDL cholesterol in the blood, which increases the risk of fat metabolism disorders and coronary heart disease.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), just five grams of trans fats a day can increase the risk of a heart attack by 23 percent.
Studies also showed that these fats are jointly responsible for high blood pressure, overweight or obesity and diabetes.
All reasons why trans fats are banned in the USA.
Recommendation of the German Nutrition Society
The German Nutrition Society (DGE) recommends consuming as little trans fatty acids as possible, ideally less than one percent of food energy. In adults, this is not more than two to three grams a day.
As the DGE explains on its website, trans fatty acids arise from both natural and food technology processes.
They develop, among other things, when incomplete hardening of vegetable oils or their strong heating.
In this way, trans-fatty acids are not only found in numerous foods such as margarine and frying fats, but also in products made with them, such as fried dishes, puff pastry, ready meals such as pizzas, potato chips or other snack items.
No legal regulation
In Germany, trans fatty acids only have to be declared on foods that are subject to the diet regulation.
For other foods, consumers are best advised to follow the list of ingredients: information such as "contains hardened fats" indicates a trans-fatty acid content.
In what quantities, however, is not apparent. In the case of the unpacked, it is difficult to find out whether trans fatty acids are present at all.
Although the content of trans-fatty acids of food-technological origin in food has been declining on the German market since 2012, fats with a high proportion of trans-fatty acids are sometimes used in the manufacture of biscuits.
So far there is no legal regulation for this in Europe. (ad)