Subjects

Coronavirus - facts and fakes


Coronavirus - transmission and infection

The corona virus is a virus that has high genetic stability and is considered to be very variable. Corona viruses in various virus species can infect vertebrates such as mammals, rodents, fish and birds. Individual coronavirus representatives can even break the species barrier and change hosts. For example, the SARS-associated coronavirus could also affect humans. The MERS virus newly discovered in 2012 is also a corona virus. In humans, coronaviruses can cause colds and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The SARS pandemic in 2002/2003 resulted in several hundred deaths from the corona virus. Symptoms include sudden onset and rapidly increasing fever, sore throat with cough and hoarseness, shortness of breath, muscle pain, headache and / or pneumonia.

Beware of false reports

New diseases, the cause of which has not been clarified and which are spreading quickly across national borders, have always been the subject of pseudomedicine, rumors, conspiracy myths and all kinds of misinformation. Speculations that used to become “truths” from mouth to mouth, now via the Internet, play into such fake news.

Fraudsters earn a golden nose with “miracle cures”. Scapegoats have to pay for those who fear and fear haters "anyway". Governments are spreading disinformation to keep people calm or to cover up their own failures.

Fake news worsens the pandemic

All of this is currently happening with the corona virus - such myths are dangerous. First, they prevent people from meaningful epidemic prevention, second, they fire attacks on those who are supposedly responsible (the myth that Jews poisoned the wells and thus caused the plague followed by Jewish pogroms). Third, their education consumes resources that are urgently needed to combat the disease.

Drunk people become corona sufferers

For example, pictures of "Chinese-looking" people who collapse at airports or people who are obviously terminally ill in Chinese hospitals, where it is seldom known when and where they were taken and whether they have anything to do with Corona, are widespread . For example, a picture of Suvarnabhumi Airport in Bangkok, which showed a Chinese man lying on the floor, turned out to be fake news: the man had gotten drunk and had fallen asleep in a frenzy.

Corona - conspiracy myths

Various conspiracy myths circulate around the novel corona virus (SARS-CoV-2), often tailored to the political enemy or, for racist reasons, tailored to hated groups.

At one time, Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft, is said to have developed the virus in the laboratory, at other times the government of China is said to have produced the pathogen as a biological weapon that has gotten out of control - and then the US government is supposed to introduce the "biological weapon" into China have to harm the Chinese economy. And, as is to be expected in conspiracy fairy tales, the “mother of the conspiracy delusion” is also spreading cheerfully - the anti-Semitic agitation of the “Jewish world conspiracy”: If in the Middle Ages the Jews were accused of poisoning the wells, anti-Semites now accuse them spread the corona virus.

The "Jewish-American World Conspiracy"

Iraqi political scientist Sadeq Al-Hashemi said in an interview with Al-Ayam TV in Iraq that the corona virus is an American conspiracy to reduce the world's population. The Jews, who had already exterminated the Native Americans in order to colonize their land, are to blame. The “Zionist lobby” would also have murdered a third of the Scots to get their land, and the Rothschild family (synonymous with Jews for anti-Semites) would have a monopoly on nuclear and biological weapons.

Nothing about it has any basis in historical reality, but rather is the material from which hatred fantasies against Jews have been expanded into conspiracy fairy tales since the “Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion” - fairy tales that ideologically underpinned the Holocaust.

Trump - "Alternative facts" about Corona

Donald Trump, who coined the term “alternative facts” for whom “facts” are what best fits his agenda, questioned Fox News figures from the WHO, according to which the current death rate for the current corona virus 3, Is 4 percent.

As reported in The Guardian, he said:

"Well, I think the 3.4% is really a false number. Now, this is just my hunch, and, but based on a lot of conversations with a lot of people that do this - because a lot of people will have this, and it's very mild. They will get better very rapidly. They don't even see a doctor. They don't even call a doctor. You never hear about those people. So, you can't put them down in the category of the overall population in terms of this corona flu and, or virus. ”

The World Health Organization (WHO) works according to the highest and scientifically transparent standards. Feeling from the gut feeling that "it would not be so bad" would not be too dramatic for private individuals. But if the president of the world's most powerful country doubts the data of the world's leading health organization, it poses an immense threat to public security and will allow the pandemic to spread unchecked.

Racial fake news about Corona

A fictitious text that was supposedly published by the Queensland Department of Health urged Australian citizens to avoid areas where many Chinese live. As the SBS News reports, the Australian government made it clear that it was a forgery. Five percent of all Australians have a Chinese background, and many of them - and also Australians with a background from other Asian countries - report that they have been defamed as the alleged spreaders of the virus since the outbreak.

The agitation against Chinese or supposed Chinese because of the corona virus is also widespread in Asia and Europe. Graduate student Sam Phan wrote in The Guardian:

"This week, my ethnicity has made me feel like I was part of a threatening and diseased mass. To see me as someone who carries the virus just because of my race is, well, just racist.

In Germany, racists and media such as "Tichy's insight" link migration and the corona virus:

“If the citizens of the EU countries are first aware that it is no longer just about the uncontrolled inflow into the social security funds of their countries, but that every migrant encouraged by the Greens is now a potential carrier of the rapidly spreading disease, the resistance could counteract immigration - also in view of the targeted panic attacks in some media - quickly become far more radical than can currently be observed in the Greek Aegean Islands.”(Tomas Spahn in“ Tichy's insight ”)

The fairy tale about migrants as epidemics has always been part of the repertoire of ethnic racists. The specialist magazine Lancet, on the other hand, showed in a study that migrants do not transmit pathogens particularly often, but on the contrary are above average health.

"Satanic Agents"

A video is causing a stir on social media, showing how the virus is said to have spread. In two separate clips, a man and a woman enter an elevator, spit on the buttons and rub saliva on them. The voiceover explains in English that the lift is in China and the two are spreading the virus. At the end the message appears: “Satanic agent distributing coronavirus around the world.” There is no indication that the scene shown (posed?) Has anything to do with the corona exciter.

Dogs and cats as virus carriers?

A doctor said at the start of the Corona outbreak on Chinese television that pets who have come into contact with the sick should be quarantined. The rumor spread quickly that cats and dogs were spreading the virus, and people in Shanghai threw dogs out of high-rise buildings in various places. One thing is clear today: dogs and cats are neither carriers of this novel corona virus nor do they transmit it.

Riots in Wuhan?

Other videos show how Wuhan citizens were allegedly beaten up by police for demonstrating against the city's isolation. Evidently, these are videos that were already in circulation in 2019 - before the onset of the disease.

Viral letters from China?

Sooner or later, there is a rumor online that the virus sticks to letters and parcels from China. Corona viruses, however, only last for a very short time on inanimate areas, they need the oral mucosa of their wearer to survive.

Radio networks instead of viruses

The website "Connective Events", which belongs to the "turkey scene", promotes pseudomedicine and spreads conspiracy myths, wrote on January 27, 2020 that the problems in China were triggered by cell degradation through 5G radio networks - not by a virus. Such radio masts exist in Wuhan, but they cause neither cell breakdown nor the symptoms of Corona disease.

Bat soup

The Wuhan wildlife market is believed to be the source of the virus, and it resembles coronaviruses found in bats. In order to clarify Chinese eating habits as the cause of the pandemic, a video circulated on the Internet, showing an Asian woman eating bats. However, this video is not from Wuhan, but from the Pacific island of Palau and is from 2017. It has nothing to do with the current corona virus.

Hygiene spray and wrong conclusions

Pegida founder Lutz Bachmann suggested that the corona outbreak was a diversion “by the media” and demonstrated this with a label on a hygiene spray bottle. He wrote on Facebook: “Funny, the bottle from 2016 still has #Coronavirus on it, not anymore on current bottles. The “very dangerous” new virus has been known for ages…
... should the hype perhaps distract you from other things? "

Corona viruses are a family of viruses that can infect animals and humans. They get their name from the fact that their shape is reminiscent of a crown (Latin corona). The new SARS-CoV-2 is also called "Wuhan virus", older forms such as SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV are also coronaviruses. Of course, the reference to corona viruses has long been on disinfectant sprays, since other types than SARS-CoV-2 have long been known to science.

Corona from the laboratory?

"The corona virus was grown in the laboratory" - so it made the rounds on the Internet at lightning speed. Sometimes pharmaceutical companies should have bred the virus to make a profit from vaccinations against it, then the Chinese government should have bred it to curb the overpopulation. The next time it was the US government to harm China's economic competitor.

However, there is no real indication that this novel virus is artificially developed by humans. These conspiracy fantasies were fed by the fact that some (weakened) corona viruses are patented to develop vaccines.

Bill Gates invented the corona virus

A variant of the "patented corona virus" is aimed at Microsoft founder Bill Gates. Accordingly, he would have known about the outbreak in October 2019 and predicted 65 million deaths. In reality, on October 18, 2019 there was a pandemic simulation, the "Event 201", which was carried out by the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security in cooperation with the World Economic Forum and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

The model designed a global corona pandemic to explore how to stop it. The scientists took the corona virus as an example because the SARS virus, which was widespread in 2003, also belongs to the corona family. This fictional model predicted 65 million deaths in 18 months. So this simulation was neither about the current corona virus, nor did anybody know about this new virus, nor did they claim that the current pandemic would cost 65 million lives.

The National Laboratory for Biosafety in China

The Chinese National Biosafety Laboratory is located in Wuhan, of all places, where the pandemic started. This laboratory actually works with pathogens of the highest risk group such as SARS or Ebola. The idea that a mutated SARS virus has escaped from the laboratory there and has spread has a stronger anchor in reality than, for example, the idea that Bill Gates knew about the outbreak. But nothing more. According to the WHO, there is no evidence that the virus originated in the laboratory.

Scientists, on the other hand, suspect that other corona viruses are common in wild animals and that several patients were traders and sellers at the Huanan Seafood Market in Wuhan, that the virus from animals spread to this market.

Chlorine dioxide versus corona?

Miracle Mineral Supplement (MMS) is a pseudomedicine. Another name for this is Master Mineral Solution. It is a 28 percent sodium chlorite solution (NaClO2). According to the manufacturer, the infected people should mix them with lemon or lime juice and consume them. Sodium chlorite plus acid produces chlorine dioxide (ClO2) - known as a bleach for paper or textiles.

The vendors therefore offer nothing but chlorine bleach as a “panacea” - among other things against autism, cancer, HIV and hepatitis. MMS is currently haunted as a supposed anti-coronavirus remedy by the Internet. Chlorine dioxide is neither effective against corona nor against viruses at all, but rather caustic and toxic. While it does not help against corona, it is extremely harmful to health.

Wrong cases

Worldwide there are rumors of local corona outbreaks that prove to be wrong - even in Germany. Sometimes there are fears and honest suspicions, often it is impossible to understand how the rumor came about. However, some target fictitious illnesses as a rumor - to make themselves important, because they find it funny, to rush against groups of people, or to impress their partner.

So the news spread on Facebook that in the Vinzentius hospital in Landau, people infected with the virus had been admitted. The deputy managing director of the clinic immediately denied this and stated in a press release that news about how patients were invented.

According to the “Facebook University”, people in the Lake Constance district should also have Corona. A spokesman for the agency found clear words and said that it was "a mess" how to play with feelings. Six alleged corona cases in the "Kreis Wetzlar", which caused mischief on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram, also proved to be a false alarm - just like the "first infected person in Wackersdorf".

"WhatsApp patient" in Wesel

A 27-year-old from Kaiserslautern is even on trial for a false report about Corona. In order to impress his girlfriend, he had created a fake page from tagesschau.de and spread the news about the corona virus in Kaiserslautern.

Sick US soldiers in Lithuania?

In Lithuania, hackers planted a fake message on the Internet portal of the newspaper “Kauno Diena”. According to this, a US soldier in Lithuania contracted Corona. When the journalists noticed the fake, they immediately deleted it. The message was designed as if it came from the Baltic news agency BNS. The Lithuanian army and state institutions have been notified of the cyber attack. An army spokesman confirmed that no US soldier in Lithuania had contracted the new virus. Rather, it is an attempt to discredit the allies and cause panic.

Fake medicine

Immediately after the disease broke out in Wuhan, social networks in China were full of alleged anti-coronavirus drugs. These included disinfecting the air with fireworks, rinsing out the mouth with brine, dripping sesame oil into the nostril, or eating raw garlic. The WHO made it clear that there was no scientific evidence for all of these methods: "There is no evidence from the current outbreak that eating garlic has protected people from the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV)," wrote the WHO on its official Facebook Account.

Twitter account under the hashtag #KnowtheFacts “

Suppliers who market their vitamin C supplements as a remedy for Corona 2019-nCoV are also popular in Germany. The only correct thing is that vitamin C generally strengthens the immune system and thus also enables a certain resistance to viruses. What is wrong, however, is that it actually protects against corona viruses. We also consume enough vitamin C with a reasonably balanced diet, citrus fruits, green vegetables or cabbage - we release excess vitamin C with the urine.

Allah's army in virus form

Five people were arrested in Malaysia, who sent a fake picture of the virus that was allegedly from a government agency, including in Malay, "This is a picture of one of many" armies of Allah "sent to China in the form of the corona virus."

Shave off the beard?

In the US, rumor spread around the internet that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had asked citizens to shave their whiskers to protect themselves against the new virus. The CDC promptly clarified that no such instruction would ever have been issued. Rather, it was to educate workers who wear respirators that these beard masks lose their effectiveness.

Wet your mouth?

Word got around, keeping your mouth and throat moist, drinking water every 15 minutes to "wash out" the virus. Drinking water prevents the mucous membranes from drying out, but does not protect anyone from the new corona virus.

Cough blood?

It has become more common that spitting blood is one of the symptoms of the new virus. A video showing a man in China spitting blood was considered "evidence". The video is from 2018 and shows a man fighting liver cancer. Typical symptoms of the new virus are fever, cough and shortness of breath.
(Dr. Utz Anhalt, vb)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the requirements of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.

Swell:

  • Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW), Japan: New coronavirus infections confirmed on cruise ship quarantined at the port of Yokohama, 6th Report (Retrieved: March 6, 2020), MHLW
  • Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security: Event 201 (accessed: March 9, 2020), JHCHS
  • World Health Organization (WHO): Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public: Myth busters (accessed: 6.3.2020), WHO
  • World Health Organization (WHO): Q&A on coronaviruses (COVID-19) (accessed: March 9, 2020), WHO
  • American Medical Association (AMA): Coronavirus and Beyond: Responding to Biological Threats (accessed: March 6, 2020), AMA
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS): Study claiming new coronavirus can be transmitted by people without symptoms was flawed (by Kai Kupferschmidt, February 3, 2020), AAAS
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) (accessed: March 6, 2020), CDC
  • Elsevier: Novel Coronavirus Information Center. Elsevier’s free health and medical research on novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) (accessed: March 6, 2020), Elsevier
  • Elsevier: 6 of the most common coronavirus questions the media is asking (accessed: March 6, 2020), Elsevier
  • Brainarda, J .; Hunter, P.R .; Hall, IR: An agent-based model about the effects of fake news on a norovirus outbreak Modélisation à base d'agents des effets de la désinformation sur une épidémie à norovirus, in: Revue d'Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique, available online from February 6, 2020, ScienceDirect
  • Shimizu, Kazuki: 2019-nCoV, fake news, and racism, in: The Lancet, 395/10225: 685-686, February 2020, The Lancet
  • Abubakar, Ibrahim Prof .; Aldridge, Robert W; Devakumar, Delan: The UCL – Lancet Commission on Migration and Health: the health of a world on the move, in: The Lancet, 392/10164: 2606-2654, December 2018, The Lancet

Video: Whats fake and whats fact on coronavirus? (August 2020).