The human intestine has a surface area of around 200 to 300 square meters. This huge, wrinkled area offers a variety of physiological intestinal bacteria a habitat in which they live in symbiosis with humans. While the intestine is still sterile in newborns, up to four hundred different types of bacteria settle in the course of the first two years of life. This intestinal flora takes on vital tasks. An intact intestinal flora, for example, prevents the settlement of pathogens, breaks down fiber and is important for the development of a strong immune system.
Normally, a natural balance of bacterial species settles in the intestine. However, certain factors can unbalance the intestinal flora. These include, for example, stress, unhealthy eating, infections and taking antibiotics. In naturopathy, an unbalanced intestinal flora, also called dysbiosis, is the cause of a large number of diseases. For example, flatulence, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, recurring gastrointestinal disorders, food intolerance, constant fatigue and headache can all indicate dysbiosis. (vb)
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