World Day Against Stroke: Act immediately on stroke!
In Germany, more than a quarter of a million people suffer a stroke every year. The stroke is one of the most common causes of death in Germany. On World Attack Day on October 29, health experts draw attention to the importance of quick action.
One of the most common causes of death in Germany
Around 270,000 people suffer a stroke in Germany every year. This is one of the most common causes of death in Germany. According to experts, many deaths would be avoidable if stroke symptoms were quickly recognized and those affected were given immediate care. The Düsseldorf Health Department would like to raise awareness of the serious illness on World Attack Day on Sunday, October 29th.
To act quickly!
“When you have a stroke, you need a quick response. It is therefore important to recognize him and act immediately, ”explains Health Director Professor Dr. Andreas Meyer-Falcke in a message.
Prompt emergency treatment is particularly important for survival in the event of a cerebral infarction.
If therapy is started within 4.5 hours of a stroke, there is a good chance of recovery. Therefore, if you suspect a stroke, immediately call an ambulance at 112.
Patients should be positioned with their upper bodies elevated and they should not drink or eat as there is a risk of ingestion.
A stroke, also called a stroke or a cerebral infarction, is caused by a "sudden" disorder in the blood supply to the brain and often leads to a prolonged - sometimes only brief - failure of functions of the central nervous system.
Symptoms that may indicate a stroke include vision problems in one or both eyes (possibly unilateral dilation of the pupil), loss of visual field, double vision, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, balance disorders, numbness, paralysis or weakness in the face, in one arm, leg or one whole half of the body, confusion, language or word finding, writing or understanding or orientation disorders.
Occasionally, severe headaches with no apparent cause, such as derailed blood pressure, can occur.
Ask patient to smile
A cerebral infarction is always an emergency, in which the person concerned has to be given professional care as quickly as possible and taken to a hospital.
In the event of uncertainty, the so-called FAST rule can help identify a stroke and act correctly. The letters FAST stand for "Face, Arms, Speech, Time".
In this test, the person concerned is asked to smile. If this only works on one side, it indicates hemiplegia.
The patient is also asked to stretch their arms forward while turning their palms up and holding this position for ten seconds. In the case of paralysis, it is not possible to lift both arms, they quickly drop down or turn inwards.
Another option is to let the person concerned repeat a simple sentence. If he is unable to do this, the voice sounds washed out or words and syllables are swallowed, then there is a speech disorder.
The last point of the test relates to the time and means to immediately call for help on the emergency number 112 if one of the three short tests is suspicious.
Prevention is better than cure
Prevention is at least as important as rapid therapy. Existing hypertension must be treated.
Other risk factors such as type 2 diabetes, atrial fibrillation and lipid metabolism disorders must also be prevented.
A healthy lifestyle with a healthy diet, physical activity, avoiding excess weight and normal cholesterol levels prevents a stroke. If you don't smoke, you also reduce the risk of having a brain attack.
Depression robs therapy
As the health office in Düsseldorf writes, it is not only important to treat the physical consequences of a stroke, but also the psychological consequences should be taken into account, because these often endanger the success of rehabilitation.
Experts refer to the mental damage as Post Stroke Depression (PSD), the depression after a stroke. It is believed that PSD affects at least a third of all stroke patients.
Studies show that women are more susceptible to PSD. Those who are not well embedded in the family or a social network are at greater risk. And previous depressive illnesses also pose a greater risk of PSD.
Neurological rehabilitation is hard work for many, especially severely affected patients. Getting a paralyzed leg to walk or getting a spastic hand to grip takes a lot of training and patience.
Depression, however, robs those affected of their drive and causes them to no longer take therapies.
Stroke patients with symptoms of depression are therefore strongly advised to seek neurological or neuropsychiatric treatment. The treatment options for PSD are good today. (ad)